Defence for Children International
UN Rules for Protection
CLASSIFICATION AND PLACEMENT
Juveniles may only be separated to allow for the provision of the type
of care best suited to their particular needs. In order to accomplish this goal
after admission juveniles should be interviewed to enable a determination to be
made as to the most appropriate type of social care. Wherever special
rehabilitative treatment is required, the trained personnel should prepare a
written, individualised treatment plan specifying the treatment objectives. As a
general rule, however, juveniles should be separated from adults unless they are
members of the same family. An exception may be made where it is in the best
interests of the juvenile and where the non-separation is under controlled
conditions as part of a special programme.
The number of juveniles detained in either open or closed facilities
should be as small as possible and small enough to enable individualised
treatment and integration into the social, economic, and cultural environment of
the community. In order to be as similar as life outside of the facilities and
to develop the juveniles’ sense of responsibility, the Rules encourage the
provision of open facilities with no or minimal security measures.
Because of the emphasis placed by international law on retaining family
links the detention facilities should be decentralised so as to facilitate
access and contact between juveniles and their families.