DCI – Protection of Juveniles 8

Defence for Children International

UN Rules for Protection

of Juveniles


Juveniles may only be separated to allow for the provision of the type

of care best suited to their particular needs. In order to accomplish this goal

after admission juveniles should be interviewed to enable a determination to be

made as to the most appropriate type of social care. Wherever special

rehabilitative treatment is required, the trained personnel should prepare a

written, individualised treatment plan specifying the treatment objectives. As a

general rule, however, juveniles should be separated from adults unless they are

members of the same family. An exception may be made where it is in the best

interests of the juvenile and where the non-separation is under controlled

conditions as part of a special programme.

The number of juveniles detained in either open or closed facilities

should be as small as possible and small enough to enable individualised

treatment and integration into the social, economic, and cultural environment of

the community. In order to be as similar as life outside of the facilities and

to develop the juveniles’ sense of responsibility, the Rules encourage the

provision of open facilities with no or minimal security measures.

Because of the emphasis placed by international law on retaining family

links the detention facilities should be decentralised so as to facilitate

access and contact between juveniles and their families.

Physical Environment

and Accommodation