Childrens rights

21. States Parties that recognize and / or permit the

system of adoption shall ensure that the best interests of the child shall be

the paramount consideration and they shall:

a) Ensure that the adoption of a child is authorized only by

competent authorities who determine, in accordance with applicable law and

procedures and on the basis of all pertinent and reliable information, that the

adoption is permissible in view of the child’s status concerning parents,

relatives and legal guardians and that, if required, the persons concerned have

given their informed consent to the adoption on the basis of such counselling as

may be necessary;

b) Recognize that inter-country adoption may be considered as an

alternative means of child’s care, if the child cannot be placed in a foster or

an adoptive family or cannot in any suitable manner be cared for in the child’s

country of origin;

c) Ensure that the child concerned by inter-country adoption

enjoys safeguards and standards equivalent to those existing in the case of

national adoption;

d) Take all appropriate measures to ensure that, in inter-country

adoption, the placement does not result in improper financial gain for those

involved in it;

e) Promote, where appropriate, the objectives of the present

article by concluding bilateral or multilateral arrangements or agreements, and

endeavour, within this framework, to ensure that the placement of the child in

another country is carried out by competent authorities or organs.