Childrens rights

37. States Parties shall ensure that:

a) No child shall be subjected to torture or other cruel, inhuman

or degrading treatment or punishment. Neither capital punishment nor life

imprisonment without possibility of release shall be imposed for offences

committed by persons below eighteen years of age;

b) No child shall be deprived of his or her liberty unlawfully or

arbitrarily. The arrest, detention or imprisonment of a child shall be in

conformity with the law and shall be used only as a measure of last resort and

for the shortest appropriate period of time;

c) Every child deprived of liberty shall be treated with humanity

and respect for the inherent dignity of the human person, and in a manner which

takes into account the needs of persons of his or her age. In particular, every

child deprived of liberty shall be separated from adults unless it is considered

in the child’s best interest not to do so and shall have the right to maintain

contact with his or her family through correspondence and visits, save in

exceptional circumstances;

d) Every child deprived of his or her liberty shall have the right

to prompt access to legal and other appropriate assistance, as well as the right

to challenge the legality of the deprivation of his or her liberty before a

court or other competent, independent and impartial authority, and to a prompt

decision on any such action.

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